The prostate is a gland that is involved in the male reproductive system. When cells of the prostate begin to grow too rapidly and become out of control, a disease develops that is called prostate cancer. In addition to forming masses in the prostate, prostate cancer has the ability to metastasize and spread to other parts of the body, including the bones and lymph nodes. Common symptoms of prostate cancer include difficulty urinating, pain, problems during sex and erectile dysfunction.
Rates of prostate cancer vary around the world. However, prostate cancer is most common in the United States. It generally occurs in men over the age of 50, and is one of the most common forms of cancer for males. In many cases, however, it can cause no symptoms and will also not negatively impact a man’s health. rostate cancer is usually detected by a blood test called a PSA screen, which looks for a specific compound called Prostate Specific Antigen. Then, the prostate is biopsied and the tissue sample is examined under a microscope.
In general, if prostate cancer is causing discomfort or is considered to be a risk for a patient’s health, there are two main treatment options. The first is surgery. A surgeon will take out the tumor and the surrounding tissue and the edges of the removed tissue will be examined to make sure that the cancer has not spread. The other option is radiation therapy, in which carefully controlled bursts of radiation will be directed at the prostate. Radiation kills cells that are dividing and, since cancer cells grow and divide very rapidly, the cancerous cells will be the most affected